Albuterol Sulfate

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Albuterol Description:

Albuterol sulfate is a selective beta-2 adrenergic agonist, very similar in structure and action to clenbuterol. Unlike clenbuterol, however, albuterol is readily available as a prescription drug in the United States. It is also sold as salbutamol in a number of other countries, which is another generic name for the drug. Albuterol is most commonly found in the form of a rescue inhaler, which is designed to disperse a measured amount of the drug immediately and directly to the bronchial tubes in times of crisis (asthma attack). This form provides the least amount of systemic drug activity possible, which is great for minimizing unwanted cardiovascular side effects. Albuterol oral tablets are also available, however, and provide a systemic dose of the drug. These are the subject of interest in the bodybuilding and athletic communities, and they can provide significant beta-2 stimulation and measurable fat loss throughout the body given the right conditions. Note that a more comprehensive discussion of the benefits, activities, and side effects of beta-2 agonist drugs can be found under the clenbuterol drug profile.

History:

Albuterol sulfate was introduced to the U.S. drug market in 1980, sold under the Ventolin brand name. Albuterol sulfate has grown to be one of the most popular drugs in history for the management of acute asthma attacks. As a result, many other companies have invested in the market. The Ventrolin brand name is still available in the U.S., however, the FDA has also approved a variety of other generic and brand name forms of the drug. Albuterol sulfate is also presently sold in both inhalation and oral preparations in most developed countries. Popular trade names include Aerolin, Airomir, Asmasal, Asthalin, Asthavent, Asmol, Butahale, Buventol, ProAir, Proventil, Salamol, Sultanol, and Volmax.

How Supplied:

Albuterol sulfate is most commonly supplied in oral metered dose inhalers and tablets of 2 mg, 4 mg, or 8 mg each.

Structural Characteristics:

Albuterol sulfate (salbutamol sulphate) is a short-acting ‚2- adrenergic receptor agonist. It is a racemic drug with the chemical designation (±) a1-

[(tert-butylamino)methyl]-4- hydroxy-m-xylene-a,a1-diol sulfate (2:1)(salt).

Side Effects:

Common side effects associated with albuterol sulfate include headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, insomnia, tremor, nervousness, sweating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and dry mouth. Less common but more serious adverse events include allergic reactions (rash, hives, swelling of the lips, tongue, or face, or difficulty breathing), chest pain, high blood pressure, and irregular heartbeat. Albuterol sulfate is a CNS stimulant with potential for fatal overdose. Signs of overdose may include rapid breathing, blood pressure irregularities, irregular heartbeat, unconsciousness, trembling, shaking, panic, extreme restlessness, and severe nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea¹.

Administration:

The usual starting dosage for adults and children 12 years and older for the management of asthma is 2-4 mg three or four times per day. When used (off-label) for fat loss, an effective dose of albuterol usually starts in the range of one to two 4 mg tablets per day (1 tablet X 1-2 applications). This is often increased slightly as the user becomes accustomed to the drug, perhaps to 4 mg three to four times per day. Individuals very sensitive to the stimulant side effects of beta agonists usually start with the lower-dose 2mg tablets first. The administration intervals are spread out as evenly as possible, so as to prevent overlap and sustain active concentrations in the blood for as much of the day as possible. Athletes and bodybuilders will often use their body temperature as a marker of drug efficacy. A degree or two elevation in temperature with use of the drug may indicate that lipolysis (the removal of stored fatty acids in adipose tissue) is being effectively stimulated.

As is noted with all beta agonists, tolerance to the thermogenic benefits of this drug tends to develop quickly. This is usually noticed by the body temperature returning to normal pretreated levels. Due to the potential side effects of these drugs, it is not advised to continually increase the dosage in order to chase down a diminishing effect.Instead, the user will usually opt to discontinue the drug for some time (4 weeks or longer) to let the body restore its normal beta-adrenergic receptor concentrations. More recently, the antihistamine Zaditen (ketotifen) has become popular, which is a potent upregulator of beta-adrenergic receptors, especially beta-2 receptors. This medication may enhance the thermogenic potency of this beta agonist, but might also increase drug potency and the incidence of side effects.

Availability:

Albuterol is a widely available and very cheap medicine. Counterfeiting is not a strong concern with this medication.

 

References:

1. Albuterol Sulftate Drug Information. MedlinePlus. ve there been changes to the local availability of pharmaceutical anabolic steroids in your country, or can you photograph an item we don’t have? Please Contact Us so that we may update our database and let others know. Anabolic.org is a community effort. Thank you! Be safe. – WL

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By | 2017-04-14T09:57:33+00:00 April 18th, 2015|Categories: Fat Loss Drug Profiles|0 Comments

About the Author:

William Llewellyn is a researcher in the field of human performance enhancement. He is also author of the bestselling ANABOLICS book series, most recently the ANABOLICS 10th Edition. William is an active supporter of the harm reduction community, and currently serves as honorary lecturer at the Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University.

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